Periodontal Disease

What is periodontal disease?

You would be concerned if you find you find your gums bled when you brushed or flossed your teeth. Many people think it is normal.

Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections on the structures around the teeth causing bleeding gum problems. According to a study, half of the Americans over the age of 30 had bleeding gums problem.


What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

Bleeding and swollen gums are the initial signs of infected gums. The infection and bacteria can spread if nothing is done immediately.

In the severe stages of the disease, all supporting tissues are included. The structure supporting your teeth can get destroyed. Your teeth in your jawbone may eventually become so loose that they would need to be extracted.


What are they health issues linked with a gum disease?

  • Atherosclerosis and heart problem: It is said that gum disease can increase the danger of clogged arteries and heart problem. It can even worsen existing heart problem.
  • Stroke: Gum disease can increase the danger of the stroke type caused by blocked arteries.
  • Premature births: A pregnant woman with gum disease is more likely to deliver her premature baby with low birth weight.
  • Diabetes: With periodontal disease, diabetic patients can face increased problem in controlling their blood sugar.
  • Respiratory problem: Gum disease bacteria may result in lung infections. It can also worsen present lung conditions. This is generally essential for elderly adults in institutions like nursing homes.


What causes a periodontal disease?

Bacteria in dental plaque is the main villain. An infection in gums can affect a person's overall health. Gum disease is also linked to other health issues.

The cells of your immune system, in an effort to get rid of the bacteria, releases substances which inflame and damages the gums, alveolar bone or periodontal ligament. This results in bleeding and swollen, gingivitis sign (initial stage of the periodontal disease). The damage can cause teeth loosening (advanced sign of periodontal disease)


How can you prevent Periodontal Disease?

Practice good oral hygiene. Visit your dentist regularly or about once every six months. However, if you are already having gum disease, you must visit more often.

People can remove most of the plaque by doing daily teeth brushing and flossing correctly. In places of your teeth where toothbrush and floss can't reach, professional cleanings can be done by the dentist to keep plaque under control.

The plaque will build up on the teeth if you skip regular brushing and dental visit. Eventually, it will spread below the gum line. If plaque is not removed by the dentist, the bacteria will continuously multiply. It can worsen your gum inflammation.

Over time the plague becomes hardened and turns into calculus, commonly known as tartar.

Use a tartar-control toothpaste to slow the build-up process of calculus. However, it won't remove the tartar that has already formed below the gum line.


Call Dr. Higgins office at 408-973-8464 in Saratoga, CA to book an appointment and get your glowing smile back

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